200 Years of East Haddon
EAST HADDON SCHOOL – A HISTORY
(Prepared by Stephen Lord)
Photograph taken in 1931, when the school had again taken first prize in the Central Northants Music Festival.
EARLY EDUCATION IN THE VILLAGE
With no requirement placed on schools to keep records until the late nineteenth century early information on the history of our village’s schools is patchy at best, and at times non existent. Several things however are very clear.
• There were schools in East Haddon far before the time when it was legally necessary to provide education for children.
• There were a great variety of schools in the village
• The schools of East Haddon were very well attended.
In 1822 Baker wrote in his guide:-
“The schoolroom in the house which Lord St. John had for many years allowed the parish to use for that purpose, being found insufficient, a subscription was entered into in 1790 and a new school room built for the accommodation of the parish.”
This schoolroom of 1790 is the room recently divided to provide hall storage and group teaching space in our recent modernisation and is still in daily use.
A Select Committee report on Education of the Poor in 1818 provides the following details:-
“Particulars relating to Endowments for Education of Youths
A school in which 6 girls are taught. The mistress receives £4 - 7s - 6d per annum arising out of land besides which she teaches. Others are taught at the expense of their parents.
Other Institutions for the purposes of Education.
A school in which 20 boys are taught at the expense of the parish and as individuals; the master receives £28 – l0s beside which he teaches other children.
The poor have sufficient means of Education.”
The Education returns of 1833 provide the first real clues as to the wide variety of schools in the village and also the value that the villagers must have placed on education at this time. The village is quoted in the return as having a population of 644.
“ Five daily schools - one of which contains 48 males of whom 34 are paid for by a salary allowed by the principal landed proprietor and the parish, in another are 6 males and 26 females; 12 of the latter are paid for, partly by salary allowed as above mentioned, and partly by their parents, the remainder of the children in both these schools are educated at the expense of their parents; another contains 3 males and 11 females; another (appertaining to Baptists) 5 males and 7 females; and the other (to Independents) 7 males and 3 females; in the three schools last mentioned all the children are instructed at the expense of their parents.
Three Sunday Schools, in two whereof are 61 males and 45 males who attend the Established Church; the other consists of 21 males and 30 females and appertains to Baptists: in these three schools the children are taught gratuitously.”
A SELECTION OF ENTRIES FROM THE SCHOOL LOG BOOKS 1874 - 1974.
The school logs begin in 1874. The first page is shown below. Some quotes are included from other sources.
School closed on 19th and 20th October on account of East Haddon Fair. For the remainder of the week the children were only expected to pay half the usual fees.
Night school began. 8 attended.
In consequence of the Farmer’s Ball (held in school ) school closed - half day .
110 children present.
Mr Sawbridge held an examination of first class boys in dictation and arithmetic and prizes were awarded varying in amounts from 4/- to 1/6d.
Holiday on Thursday and Friday - East Haddon Flower Show.
Small attendance still this week. Harvest has begun. Many children absent in consequence.
October 18th - 25th
Holiday on account of East Haddon Feast.
Small attendance this afternoon. The hounds passed as school was assembling and many of the children followed.
An entertainment - Magic Lantern - was given in school. Tea previously to Day and Sunday scholars.
Govt. Report received this morning. (In these days the school was inspected annually. Summaries of the reports were entered into the log each year. The school’s funds depended on the outcome of these inspections.)
In addition to attendance problems arising from the Harvest and another closure for the Village Feast we read of a further half day.
Half holiday - Cricket match on lawn in Hall grounds.
November 1st - 15th
School closed - Scarletina.
Received from Mr Mackesy 4 dozen exercise books to be sold at 1/2d (half penny) each for home lessons.
Wet slow harvest - an extra week given in consequence.
Infant Dept. Inconveniently crowded. Removed standard 1 to large room.
June 14th - 20th
Re-opening of the Parish Church - Week’s holiday .
Children granted a holiday this afternoon - the schoolroom being required for a concert this evening.
Mr Banks called at the school this morning to complain of some of the children going into his field. Cautioned them.
Only a small attendance this week throughout the school. Fee was only 1d owing to the two days holiday.
A very small attendance - gleaning not yet over.
Commenced fires in school today for the winter months. Arranged with the vicar to find fuel for the school for this season for £3.
Capt. Sawbridge visited school this morning - thought it insufficiently warmed - promised to send a fire to be placed in the middle of the room.
Captain Sawbridge promised 8 scarlet cloaks to the best behaved girls.
Captain Sawbridge presented 8 scarlet cloaks. A number of brown cloaks were sold to the children at half price.
Captain Sawbridge promised 6 additional cloaks to those already given to the best girl attenders since March 31st.
School closed for the day - Concert by East Haddon Choral Society.
(The first mention of school photographs.) 4 groups taken by Mr Mains from Northampton.
119 children recorded today.
School closed - the schoolroom wanted for children who had been confirmed by the Bishop.
Gave an imposition of 20 lines to Emma for insubordination. Kept in Annie to finish learning her lesson - both children were fetched away by their mother who passionately refused to allow them to submit to school discipline.
A half day holiday on account of the anniversary of the Restoration of the Church.
Received 6 dozen framed slates per Healey the Carrier. Many broken in transit.
Pytchley Hunt in East Haddon - small attendance.
Evening scholars examined at Holdenby - 12 were qualified by attendance only 9 however put in an appearance.
Children granted a half holiday to attend a Temperance Fete at Althorp Park.
Church choir excursion to Leamington and Warwick. School closed.
School closed at 3 p.m. - schoolroom being required for a ball in the evening.
Commenced school at 9.45 a.m. - election of Constable.
Punished Amy for laughing while singing grace.
Punished William for swearing in the playground.
Punished Thomas for playing truant.
Punished George for fighting.
Taught a new song “Gay and Happy’
Taught a new song “Gay and Happy” .
(The log contains the first of a series of a series of annual plans for object lessons to be taught to the infants. These were by and large on household objects barring a few exotic animals. A report by an inspector a few years later makes mention of the need to teach with the object to hand in the classroom whenever possible.)
No school - tea being given by Captain Sawbridge.
School closed due to the weather - snow - attendance for the week 7.
Re-opened school this morning after being closed for 15 weeks through a severe epidemic of Diphtheria.
Attendance very small a number of the children being unfit to attend - 11 names struck off the register who died during the epidemic.
The following extract comes from Dr R Bruce Low’s report to the Local Government Board on the outbreak of diphtheria at East Haddon. It was signe Dec 2nd 1889
“On September 6th the school was opened as a convalescent hospital for cases able to be moved there and two of the six nurses were employed in its management. Beds and bedding for 24 patients were obtained from Brixworth Workhouse. The temporary hospital was closed on September 25th.”
The children from Althorp Station are again excluded - Diphtheria in one of the cottages.
Gave the school a holiday today the school being required for a Public Inquiry by Colonel Halstead from the Home Office.
Began teaching Musical drill this morning. (In the two or three years following this entry there arc a number of visitors to the school to see the teaching of Musical drill.)
The attendance this week has been very poor - the average only reaching 57. A number of parents refuse to send their children to school owing to Diphtheria being present in the village.
Holiday - Fete in the neighbourhood.
Closed the school until October 6th. Harvest holiday.
Since the cold weather set in we have had Musical drill every morning for about 10 minutes which seems to thoroughly warm them.
Instead of singing this afternoon a Fairy tale was read to the whole school.
School used for a Missionary meeting this afternoon, the children were given a holiday.
Mrs Thompson, with the consent of the Managers, is attending a course of cookery lessons at Long Buckby so the usual Monday afternoon lessons will not be given until the course is finished.
Have decided not to have any recreation (play) during the afternoon during the winter months and to close the school at 3.45 p.m. instead of 4.00 p.m. thus giving the children who live at a distance from the school time to reach their homes before it is dark.
The Inspector’s report says: -
“The gallery, which is very old, might be reduced in size and reconstructed and backs should be placed to the gallery seats. A few low desks are required”
See the following page for the full report.
Instead of the usual playtime being given we have this week had musical drill owing to the inclement weather preventing the children playing outside,
From the Managers’ Minute books
The question of allowing the use of the Infant’s room as a club room for men was discussed. The Managers expressed themselves willing to sanction the proposal on the guarantee that it should be properly conducted and in no way interfere with the purpose of Elementary Education
The Parish Council to pay £1 per annum for the use of the school and that 10/- should be paid by the Socail Club per annum.
Scale of Charges 1895:-
1) For Dances. Including Oil 7/6d or with the use of the piano also 10/-
2) For Teas. Including dance 10/-, Tea only (including oil) 2/6d
3) For Political meetings 5/-
4) For entertainments at which a charge is made for admission 2/6d.
All proceedings to be finished by 12 o’clock.
Unable to open at proper time after holidays owing to furniture being stored in the school from a neighbouring house which had been destroyed by fire.
Began working with new slates with larger ruling in the Infant School this week.
To mark the 60th Anniversary of Her Majesty’s reign the Managers decided to give the children a week long holiday.
Exchanged historical readers in the Upper Standards with Guilsborough School so that children might study another period.
Received a thermometer for each school.
Several of the Upper Standard children have left this week on hearing the result of their examination for Labour Certificate.
Gallery desks in the infant school fixed. (This is the only reference to the location of the gallery. At this time the infants were using the small classroom built in 1790.)
Village Flower Show – School closed.
No school this afternoon – Sunday School treat.
A number of children were going to a school picnic this afternoon. The school was closed.
By order of the Medical Officer of Health the school was closed for a fortnight owing to an outbreak of Scarlet Fever.
Mr Dorman gave a scientific lecture on “Temperance” to Standards 3 to 5 this morning.
Children given a holiday to celebrate the “Relief of Mafeking”.
School closed by order of the Medical Officer of Health so that it might be disinfected.
Average attendance early in the year is 102.
Took the whole of the children of the Upper Department into the fields to illustrate a lesson on Spring and Roots.
(This first outside lesson must have been a success because it was followed by)
Cow and sheep compared.
Farmer’s crops grown for their leaves.
Crops grown for their grain and roots.
Our lanes and hedges.
Have decided to give a weekly lesson on current topics to the Upper Standards.
Allowed the children to witness a meet of the Pytchley Hounds instead of their usual recreation for the purposes of illustrating a lesson on the fox.
Mr S. King visited the school this afternoon and presented each child with 6d on behalf of Captain Sawbridge as a New Year’s gift.
Taught the children a new patriotic song “God Save the King”.
Have given extra attention to Physical Education in the Upper Department under the “Model Course”.
School closed - Party of children and teachers attending an exhibition in London
School closed by Medical Officer – Measles.
Have decided to give the First Class girls and boys a Drawing Lesson on Friday afternoons to encourage them to attend on this particular afternoon.
Have given several lessons this week on the village from the new Ordnance Survey map received this week.
Measurements were taken for the new classroom. (The old back room.) This was needed to alleviate overcrowding mentioned in the Inspector’ s report.
Alterations to the main room have now been completed. 109 children present.
Received a letter from the Board of Education stating that the school was now recognised as providing accommodation for:-
Commenced today to mark the registers directly after prayers in the morning instead finally closing them at 9.45 a.m..
Not a single child absent during the week.
School closed owing to an outbreak of German Measles.
School reopened – 57 / 115 present. Closed for a further week.
School decorated during the Christmas holidays. The walls of the school rooms have been re-coloured and the woodwork re-varnished. (This is the first mention of any decoration being carried out.)
Presented the children with their certificates for regular attendance awarded by the County Council.
41 Honours, 21 First Class, 13 of the children had perfect attendance
Miss Cartwright the infant mistress took temporary charge of Holdenhy School.
The school was ordered to be closed for three weeks by the Medical Officer of Health owing to an outbreak of mumps. 60% absent
Celebrated Empire Day by giving an address to the children on the Empire in the morning and in the afternoon by the singing of National songs and saluting the flag.
Mr S. King on behalf of Captain Sawbridge presented each child with 6d. and those possessing a bank book l/- as a New Year’ s gift.
Point to Point races held here today - half day holiday.
Closed school for a week - Coronation holiday
Musical competition at Northampton - 30 children taking part - school closed.
The children were granted a holiday today on the occasion of the King’s visit to Earl Spencer at Althorp House.
A number of children absent today on account of Lady Althorp’s wedding.
Unable to mark the attendance of the children this afternoon only 12 children being present in the Mixed School. A number of soldiers came into the village this morning.
During the week special lessons have been given upon Food and Economy. Suitable literature has been sent to the parents of the children.
The children in the Mixed School went to gather blackberries this afternoon.
Admitted children for a short time from the air raid district in London
School closed today - staff engaged in filling in ration cards
Armistice Day observed - 2 minutes silence at the memorial cross.
Organised games 2.40 p.m. - 3.45 p.m. Boys taken for football on the Village Club’s Field. Permission for the use of this field has been obtained from Lord Horne.
Temperature of the school room at 9.00 a.m. was 46 degrees. No fires owing to lack of fuel which was ordered over 3 weeks ago.
£5 was raised for school improvements
The year began with 67 on roll.
School savings began today.
The first recorded visit of the school dentist.
School concert held in the evening. Collection for improvements £4
A school carol party raised £5 for blinded soldiers.
The school’s Literacy Society held a meeting addressed by the vicar on “The life of a bee”.
A school concert held at the Institute in the evening. £6 - 0s - 9d was raised to be spent on improvements.
Concert money spent as follows: -
Microscope £3 – l0s - 0d.
Rain Gauge £1 – 7s - 6d.
Picture 8s - 0d.
To Managers £1 - 0s - 0d.
Exhibition of school garden produce. Prizes for the best kept plot were given by Lord and Lady Horne.
Announced to the children that Mr Roberts, an old boy of the school, had been appointed Minister of Pensions.
Twenty new dual desks arrived for use in the large room. Work was discontinued and the children unpacked, cleaned and arranged them.
First edition of East Haddon School magazine produced
A pupil while walking out in the dinner hour was knocked down by a motor car and killed.
Wireless test in school.
School has been made a receiving school for the older children from Holdenby school.
4 children competed in the County Sports.
2 children chosen to compete at the Inter County Sports at Stamford Bridge.
Mr Trichett - horse artist - visited the school, commented upon the drawing and gave a demonstration.
November 7th - 8th
School was closed for two days to allow the installation of electric light in two rooms, the children having raised the sum of £10 towards the cost.
The electric light used for the first time.
Central Northants Music Festival - first prize for the fifth year running. (see photo at start)
S. Northants. School Sports - won shield for the sixth year running.
Annual summer outing - Chester and Llangollen.
Senior girls began courses on cooking in the school house.
School closed for 2 days - Silver Jubilee of George V and Queen Mary. A new flag was presented to the school.
The playground was drained and the offices (toilets!) whitewashed.
School closed by order of the L.E.A. for distribution of gas respirators to the school.
There are evacuated children in attendance. The following five teachers are in charge of evacuated children: -
Native and evacuated children are not separated and the school is being worked as an entity.
There are 122 children present.
Institute used for woodwork - Mr Bivand in charge.
Staff took half term holidays in threes.
The vicar of St Mary Magdalene Islington visited the evacuees.
Mr Darling has extra leave as he took charge of the evacuated children during the holidays.
School broke up for the summer holiday - 1 month. The school will be open in wet weather from l0 - noon and from 2 - 4 p.m. each week day to keep children occupied if they care to attend. In fine weather rambles and games will be arranged. Two teachers, Miss Hollis and Mr Birkbeck will be on duty during the first fortnight. Miss Mills and Mr Dolling will be on duty in the second fortnight.
School closed for Christmas holidays. It will open each day for indoor recreation.
The school continued to open at each holiday for recreation.
October 6th. 7th. 8th
School closed to allow children to help farmers lift potatoes
October 13th. 14th
School closed again - potato picking.
Number on roll:- 36 native, 38 evacuees.
9 children including 3 girls went potato picking.
Miss Mills returning to London. Organisation reverts to that in place before the evacuation. Numbers now include 18 evacuees.
The School Medical Officer said the school needed redecorating and recommended that a water flush be installed in the
boy’s lavatory. The school should be pointed and the playground asphalted.
Various children admitted due to air raids in London.
American Independence Day was celebrated by the singing of “The Star Spangled Banner”.
From today the afternoon session begins at 1 p.m. and ends at 3 30 p.m. to enable the temporary assistant to catch the 3.40 p.m. bus.
The evacuation register was closed.
Mr Tutchener brought a supply of books and school requisites from Holdenby school.
Several blackboards and a fireguard were left at school from Holdenby. (This would seem to mark the closing of Holdenby school.)
School party - ice cream given.
Mr Churchill, Under Secretary of State for Education paid a short visit to the school this afternoon.
The mixed class contained 35 children between the ages of 7 and 14.
A miniature projector was bought by the children in lieu of a day trip to the sea.
School meals commenced today. 17 children sat down to dinner. There are 50 children on roll.
The Physical Training Organiser visited this afternoon to discuss the commencement of swimming instruction.
Only 3 children have attended from Holdenby owing to complaints about the transport.
The outcome of the complaint from Holdenby regarding transport is that all children of 8+ will now walk to school.
Only three children from Holdenby today. The taxi had a breakdown and was consequently late. The other children had disappeared.
The delinquent scholars from Holdenby were severely reprimanded.
The large room is used as the classroom. The backroom is used for P.T., dancing and games.
A parent called at school to say that she would not allow her children to attend school unless she was given an undertaking that they not be smacked or punished.
Number on roll 30. This is due to the opening of the new Secondary Modern School at Guilsborough. East Haddon is now a Junior and Infant school.
Following a meeting bee keeping in the school garden was ruled out.
The rose hip collection authorised by the authority ended after gathering 3 cwt.
The new central heating boiler has a noisy pump. The hot water overflows into the school from the overflow tank.
Paper towels introduced for the first time.
The number on roll had dropped to 23.
The school house was vacated in readiness for demolition.
Two fire engines arrived at lunch time today. A false alarm had been sent suggesting that the school was on fire.
Toilets frozen up today and buckets of water required for flushing.
Work began on clearing the old school house garden. This area will be levelled and put into use as a grassed play area.
Work began on the proposed new extension indoor toilets, kitchen office and cloakroom.
The new kitchen and toilets came into use today. School meals are now being served at school after using the village hall since last September.